Title: Sententiarum libri IV, Quarta pars huius operis scil. quarti sententiarum cum disputatis sancti Bonauenture, 1500
Author: Petrus Lombardus
Publisher: Anton Koberger, Nuremberg
A rare and scarce Koberger imprint of Peter Lombard’s Sentences, with commentary by Bonaventure, being the fourth and final book. An Italian theologian of the 12th century, Petrus was made Bishop of Paris in 1159. A systematic compilation of theology, this work deals with theological questions posed by Lombard, which he divided into four books. The first book discusses God and the workings of the Holy Trinity, the second regarding the Creation, the third on Christ and Christianity, and this fourth part comprising of various questions on religion and moral duties. Sometime during the 13th century, Alexander of Hales took the chapters of these four books and grouped them into a smaller number of “distinctions”. With this new form, the Sentences become widely adopted as the standard textbook of theology throughout most of the high and late Middle ages. For every Master of Theology, a commentary on the Sentences was required. Almost every great theological thinker, whether Aquinas, Bonaventure, or Scotus, wrote their own commentaries on the Sentences, but as the Sentences were more so a compilation of sources from Lombardus, these commentaries allowed scholars to come to their own conclusions and answers on this monumental work.
This work derives its name from the sententiae, or authoritative statements on biblical passages that it gathered.
There is extensive rubrication present on several pages, with shades of red, blue, and green on the occasional section.
This volume is lacking the final nine leaves at the end, missing the colophon as well.
One volume in folio, 183 unnumbered leaves
On note of condition, this volume is in poor shape, lacking boards and being in bare bindings. The first gathering is detached but present. There is minor foxing and staining present throughout.