Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.

Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.

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Title: Book of Hours, Unknown Use, Low Countries/Southern Netherlands. circa 1450.
Condition: Very Good.

A substantial fragment of a mid 15th century near miniature illuminated Book of Hours, inscribed in a flowing gothic script, likely produced in the Low Countries, more specifically the Southern Netherlands, reminiscent of styles from Ghent or Bruges. The style of illumination leads credence to this possibility, as it is highly reminiscent of other examples from the Low Countries.

Regarding the miniatures, there is additional information that helps to draw a better conclusion to the region of production, and more information on the artists themselves. Based on further study, it can be determined that the manuscript is in a Gold Scrolls style, distinguished by robust faces with wider, expressive eyes. The style is reminiscent of the Guillebert de Mets Master, who was active from 1410-1450.

This Book of Hours is written in a 21-line format, in an uncommon double column format.

This Book of Hours is illuminated throughout, with 5 large initials illuminated with gold leaf, accompanied by illuminated borders of flowering designs accompanying those large initials. The leaves are 32, 42, 48, 52, 56, 60, and 66. There are also 12 miniatures, each with a medium sized illuminated initial and flowering border. The miniatures are painted against various backgrounds, some with a golden scroll background.  There are hundreds of small, illuminated initials, and smaller initials in red and blue, partially heightened in gold.

The miniatures are as followed: Leaf 1 is The Flight into Egypt, leaf 3 is The Entombment, 12 is The Virgin and Child, 19 is the Presentation, 29 is The Trinity, the verso of leaf 30 depicts Saint Veronica with the Sudarium. Leaf 31 is Saint John the Baptist with the Lamb of God. Leaf 32 depicts St. John the Evangelist blessing the poisoned chalice, and the verso of 32 is Saint Christopher carrying the Child Christ. Leaf 38 is The Visitation. The verso of leaf 48 is The Arrest of Jesus. Leaf 49 is The Nativity.

As a fragment, this Book of Hours is missing all leaves before Compline in the Hours of the Virgin, and several additional single leaves throughout. Unusually, the Hours of the Cross immediately begins with Compline, rather than Matins.

This manuscript bears 18th century provenance for one Richard Graves, a collector and antiquarian, who gifted the Book of Hours to a Benedict Leonard Calvert in 1719, with a gift inscription on the front free endpaper.

The manuscript is in a modern vellum binding, repurposing a manuscript leaf.

One vellum bound illuminated manuscript in 32mo, 101 leaves

This manuscript is in very good shape, with minimal rubbing or wear to the binding. The leaves numbered 3 and 33 bear signs of repair, with no text obscured, though some illumination work is obscured to the border of leaf 33. Some of the illumination and text is faded in places. There is some soiling throughout.